Wednesday, May 9, 2012

Rawatan luka dan Maggot Worm ternakan


Luka
Luka boleh disebabkan oleh benda-benda tyang tajam. Walaupun ianya dianggap ringgan tetapi juka tidak diberi perhatian akan menjadi busuk dan berulat, Myiasis dan juga Screw worm infestation
-Apabila berlaku luka rawatan segera hendaklah dibuat
-Luka-luka cairan serum yang dihasilkan bertindak dengan bacteria dan mengeluarkan bau yang busuk..
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Rawatan luka dan Maggot Worm ternakan
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Pencegahan
-Jauhkan benda-benda tajam dikawasan kandang.
-Pastikan dahan-dahan pokok yang berduri / tajam dilonggokkan setempat. Contohnya dahan kelapa sawit
-Elakkan ternakan berlawan
-Elakkan dari ternakan merempuh pagar duri 
- Pemeriksaan yang rapi kepada ternakan untuk mengubati luka-luka (2 kali seminggu) 
- Elakkan dari melakukan pembedahan yang tidak perlu.
- Anak-anak yang baru lahir, sapukan iodine pada kawasan pusat.
- Adakan ‘regular dipping’ untuk menghapuskan atau mengurangkan kutu yang boleh menyebabkan ternakan luka akibat gigitan atau gatal-gatal

 
Rawatan
-Membasuh luka dengan ubat kuning ( Iodine) supaya terhindar dari kekotoran dan habuk
-Sapukan ubat "lorexane" pada luka
-Semburkan ubat penjauh lalat seperti Gusanex ataupun "negusant powder" 
LUKA BERULAT.(Maggot Worm)
Kawasan luka yang terdedah menarik perhatian lalat (Chrysomia bezziana) untuk bertelur. Telur lalat menjadi larva dan terus hidup di dalam luka seawal sehari. Proses ini mengambil masa antara 48 hingga 72 jam.Larva hidup dalam keadaan yang kurang oksigen serta memakan tisu di sekelilingnya. Ini akan mengakibatkan perdarahan (bleeding) dan kerosakan pada bahagian yang terlibat.

KEPERLUAN RAWATAN LUKA BERULAT.(Maggot Worm)
* Hydrogen Peroxide
* Iodine Spray
* Negasunt Powder
* Stockholm Tar
Proses rawatan luka adalah:
a. Bersihkan kawasan terlibat dengan air suam (warm water) atau ‘mild antiseptic’ Cucikan dengan menggunakan hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) dengan bacuhan air 1:1.
b. Keluarkan ulat yang berada di luar dan  Keluarkan ulat dengan menggunakan forcep. Sentalkan dengan kapas dan H2O2.
c. Bunuh ulat dengan menggunakan :
- negasunt powder
- coopex healing oil
- malathion
- chloroform
- turpentine
- 3% hydrogen peroxide
- zoozamex
-Screw Worm Aerosol
d. Biarkan selama satu hari
e. Letakkan semula ubat-ubat jika masih terdapat ulat-ulat yang masih hidup.
f. Ubat-ubat ‘ untuk rawatan luka seperti lorexene cream, antibiotik cream dan iodine boleh juga digunakan untuk membantu proses penyembuhan (healing proses)
g.Semburkan dengan penyembur ulat – Woundsarex
h.Boleh gunakan Gusanex spray tetapi ianya hanya merupakan fly repellent (menghalau lalat) tetapi ia tidak membunuh maggots)
i. suntik benacillin
Rawatan Cara Tradisional merawat luka berulat
Ada yang mengesyorkan guna pakai minyak tanah (untuk buang ulat) pastu lumur dengan serbuk kunyit untuk hindarkan lalat.


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7 comments:

  1. err nak tanya ckit berkenaan dgn arnab2 saya..

    saya ada mslh sikit dgn arnab2 saya.. mereka ni baka angora. saya mndapati mereka selalu mencabut bulu antara satu sama lain dan smpailah saya dpt kesan ada luka dibahagian badan mereka semua. jadi, adkh ptut saya mengasingkan mereka semua dan apakh cara utk mengubati luka tersebut??

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